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Enlarged Prostate and Incontinence

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Before we understand which type of incontinence usually occurs in older men with enlarged prostates, it is essential to understand the various types of incontinence.

Stress Incontinence

In stress incontinence, there is a urine leakage when you jump, cough, or laugh, and the physical strain linked to the leakage increases. If the case becomes more severe, then the pressure of a full bladder overcomes the body’s ability to hold in urine.

Urge Incontinence

Sometimes there is a strong urge to urinate when if the bladder is not full, then this might lead to an overactive bladder known as urge incontinence. This condition can happen with both men and women, and this leads to loss of urine before you reach the restroom. Overactive bladder can be caused by physical or neurological problems, also like damage to the brain, spine, or the nerves extending from the spine to the bladder. This may be caused by diseases like diabetes or other neurological problems. There is no specific cause for overactive bladder, but people often develop this because of age. Postmenopausal women might develop this issue because of age-related changes in the bladder lining and muscle. Apart from these issues, infections of the urinary tract, partial blockage of tract, tumor, infect in bladder or prostate can cause temporary urgency in urination.

Reflex Incontinence

This type of incontinence occurs when the bladder muscle contracts and urine leaks without any warning. This is a prominent case for people suffering from neurological damage. In this, the nerves that normally warn the brain about the bladder filling don’t work properly.

Overflow Incontinence

In some situations, the bladder never gets emptied completely and thus, lead to urine leakage with or without the feeling of urge to go to the washroom. This type of incontinence occurs when there is a blockage in the urine flow. This situation can also occur if there a spasm at random times, which is related to diabetes or cardiovascular disease.

Functional Incontinence

This is the most common type of incontinence in older people. They face issues while reaching the restroom, and these issues may be related to arthritis or some mental illness.

What Is an Enlarged Prostate?

The prostate is a small gland below the bladder, in front of the rectum. It is responsible for producing the fluid that combines with sperm to make semen. During puberty, the prostate expands evenly, but during the latter half of the life, the enlargement is more towards the urethra. Since it surrounds the tube carrying urine from the bladder, its enlargement makes the bladder to work harder to remove urine. Thus, the bladder is not completely emptied, leading to urinary incontinence.

Overflow incontinence is caused when there is an issue of an enlarged prostate. It is essential to diagnose it at the right time and visit your doctor. To understand the symptoms, keep a record for a few days of the following:

  • Water intake
  • Amount of urine produced.
  • Urge to urinate
  • Number of leaks

Managing Enlarged Prostate

Time Voiding

Try to set up a proper schedule for urinating; this can be every hour or after every 45 mins. Slowly you can extend and work on the time between the bathroom trips. This makes the body habitual of controlling the urge and overflow.

Pelvic exercise

Kegel exercises help in tightening the pelvic muscles and having 10-15 reps three times a day will help in making the muscles stronger to control incontinence.

Tips to Control Enlarged Prostate

  • While you are in the washroom, it is important that you take time to empty your bladder completely. This will reduce the need for subsequent toilet trips.
  • Avoid drinking fluids in the evening, mainly caffeinated and alcoholic related beverages since they affect the bladder muscles leading to urination.

Frequently Asked Questions

 

Which Food Items Can Help to Cure the Enlarged Prostate?

The food items which help in reducing the effect of an enlarged prostate are salmon, tomatoes, berries, broccoli, nuts, onions, garlic, citric fruits, etc.

Can Turmeric Help in Reducing the Size of The Prostate?

Turmeric is one of the best natural remedies that can help in reducing the size of an enlarged prostate and further helping to reduce the urinary symptoms and prostate cancer.

What Are the Causes of Prostate Enlargement?

The problem is usually caused by aging, but still, the main reason behind it is unknown. Any family history of prostate problems or any abnormalities might increase the chances of this problem.

Will the Enlarged Prostate Affect the Sexual Life of A Man?

Some men with an enlarged prostate develop erectile dysfunction or problems with ejaculation, but it is not necessary.

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